Glass History

Date back to 3000 BC

The oldest glass objects produced by man were found in Egypt, and date back to 3000 BC. They were made according to a process discovered by sailors in Mesopotamia about 4500 BC. Legend has it that when building their camp fires on the sandy beaches they used the blocks of natural sodium carbonate (natron blocks) that they used to carry around with them. They noticed that ‘glass’ beads formed in the fire.

The Egyptians used this discovery to melt sand, and natron in ovens to make glass. Glass objects were at that time luxury items.


Later on 1500 BC


Glass started to be used as a container for food in about 1500 BC. The technique used was to mold bowls, flasks, and other cups around a structure of sand or clay that was taken off after cooling.

Glass manufacturing techniques also improved with the advancement of science and better technology.

By 1887

By 1887 glass making developed from traditional mouth blowing to a semi-automatic process when Ashley introduced a machine capable of producing 200 bottles per hour in Castleford, Yorkshire – more than three times quicker than the previous production methods.


In 1907


Twenty years later, in 1907, the first fully automated machine was developed in America by Michael Owens from major glass manufacturers Owens of Illinois, and used at its factory in Manchester, Illinois making 2,500 bottles per hour.

Today on 2018

Today, glass making is a modern, hi-tech industry operating in a fiercely competitive global market where quality, design and service levels are critical to maintaining market share.
Modern glass plants are capable of making millions of glass containers a day in many different colors, but green, brown and clear remain the most popular.